1.Fred Ernest Nasubo Ph.D. Candidate, Pan African University, Institute of Governance, Humanities and Social Sciences, Yaoundé, Cameroon Email: nasubof@gmail.com Mobile: +254711139009/+237683016479 Address: B.P. 18, Pan African University, Yaounde II-Soa, Cameroun

2. Dedan Luvaga Masters Candidate, Pan African University, Translation, Interpreting, and Intercultural Communication Program (PAUTRAIN), Buea, Cameroon. Email: luvagadedan@gmail.com

Corresponding author: Fred Ernest Nasubo

Abstract

In an attempt to understand terrorism, various studies have examined the link between terrorist organizations and a variety of economic, religious, and geopolitics in relation to modernity and globalisation. However, this study analysed ways in which Kenya reconstructs its national identity following a terrorist attack. Using discourse analysis, the article reviewed presidential speeches in the aftermath of terrorist attack to reveal how the country mobilized its national identity. The study found that when Kenya is hit by terrorism, its national identity is shaken. This shaken identity is usually reflected in a new sense of national narration, one that often carves a boundary of ‘us’ against ‘them.’ Hence, the reconstruction process focusses on uniting Kenyan citizens to one another, differentiating them from other groups, particularly the terrorists, and emphasizing the positive characteristics of its nationals. Consequently, the significance of national identity becomes more apparent in the aftermath of a terrorist attack.

Definition of Terms: Al-Shabaab, Ideology, Nation-building, National identity, Terrorism

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